Early Morning at Qalandiya

One of our regular tasks as EAs in Al Ram is “checkpoint duty” at the nearby Qalandiya checkpoint. Qalandiya checkpoint stands between the two Palestinian cities of Ramallah and East Jerusalem. It is on the Separation Barrier, which is at this point not on the international border known as the Green Line, but some 8 km north-east, in Palestine. Twice a week we arrive about 4.15am, as the queue of workers from Al Ram and Ramallah begins to build up, and for three hours we monitor the queues and the length of time it takes to pass through, and count the numbers of men, women and children crossing the checkpoint. At 4.15am, the checkpoint building is alive with birdsong, and fat sparrows hop backwards and forwards under the metal bars, doing very well on the crumbs left by men eating breakfast as they wait. The freedom of the birds to come and go as they please is in marked contrast to that of the Palestinian people.

A queueing “cage”

Let me give you an idea of what is involved in crossing the checkpoint. First you wait in line in one of three metal cages that is just wide enough for one person. At the end of this cage is the first turnstile, which at busy times opens to allow perhaps 10 or 12 people through at a time and then closes again for several minutes. Once through the first turnstile you go to one of 5 booths where you wait again at another turnstile. This turnstile usually opens to allow 3 people through, and then closes again for three or four minutes. You are then at the checkpoint proper, which is a little like airport security. You take off your shoes and jacket and belt and pile your possessions on a conveyor belt. You walk through a body scanner and present your ID and permit for inspection by the soldier on duty. You may well have to have your handprint checked too. If all is in order you are free to pick up your possessions and pass through three further turnstiles before you reach the other side and the buses waiting to take you to Jerusalem.

The queue at a busier time

It sounds simple. It is anything but.  The permit system which controls the freedom of Palestinians to travel around their country is a story in itself – there are 101 sorts of permits for different sorts of need, many are temporary and the process for acquiring a permit is complex, time-consuming and stressful. For now let us just say that, having reached the checkpoint, you may find that your permit has expired, or that it has been revoked, or that your handprint does not match that held on the database, or you have simply been “blacklisted” for some reason that you know nothing about. Or, as happened recently to families embarking on a day out, you may have been told that you do not need permits for your under-5s, but when you get to the checkpoint window the soldier on duty arbitrarily decides that you do and refuses to let the children through. (The wonderful Israeli organisation Machsom Watch  sorted that out very quickly for us by phoning the Commanding Officer).

The final exit turnstile

The final exit turnstile

Even if your permit is fine, navigating the route through the checkpoint can be an obstacle course. There is a “humanitarian gate” for women, elderly or sick people. But it does not save you a single turnstile. And the turnstiles are a menace to small fingers and difficult to negotiate if you are carrying small children or bags and a walking stick.

For many Palestinians, crossing the checkpoint is a daily piece of frustration and humiliation inflicted upon them by the occupying power, Israel. For the most part they deal with it with stoicism and patience, though understandably resorting to some shouting and remonstrations when the queues stretch out to the car park and only two or three of the booths are open. One of the most moving things we witness is the lines of men who, having spent perhaps half an hour or more queueing to pass the checkpoint, stop to pray on the Jerusalem side before boarding their bus.

Dawn prayers at the exit

Dawn prayers at the exit

Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that “Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state”. But as an elderly man told me in frustration as he emerged into the sunshine on the Jerusalem side of the checkpoint last week, “I am 70 years old. I was born in Jerusalem. I need a permit to go there. Half my family is in Ramallah, half in Jerusalem. I’m not from Europe or Africa – I’m from Jerusalem. And I need a permit to go there”

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11 Responses to Early Morning at Qalandiya

  1. I am just horrified that this is an everyday occurrence for those trying to go ‘through’. Thanks you for being there to tell us about it so vividly and for the images too. Thinking of you. With love from Midge Gourlay

  2. Phil Craine says:

    What a grey grim place Qalandia is – thanks Bron for bringing it alive. The prayers on the hard ground – and the birdsong – show the light through the chink. Phil

  3. Sue Osmaston says:

    It’s all so very sad and depressing. Must be so frustrating for you to witness all this on a regular basis.

  4. arn dekker says:

    Thank you for your message. The situation in Palestine with its Israeli built separation wall does nothing to enhance understanding between people.

  5. Alison says:

    If this were happening in Ukraine we would soon have it splashed all over our news

  6. Felicity Smith says:

    Thank you Bronwen for this and for being there as an Accompanier, it must be hard to witness such harsh and humiliating treatment. We continue to remember you and the people of Palestine in our prayers.

  7. Liz Burroughs says:

    Five and a half years ago, I was standing where you were – watching probably some of the same people struggling to get to work each morning. And I know that EAs have been watching at Qalandiya – and many other – checkpoints for more than 10 years now. If this happened in certain other countries, it would be splashed over the newspapers within weeks. Keep up your good work, Bronwen. If we can tell enough people world-wide, then maybe – just maybe – oen day the tide will turn.

  8. Kingsley says:

    Such a sad and very distressing description. Thank you for giving me much more insight into the ‘nuts and bolts’ of what the checkpoints involve day in and day out. Thank you for being there and witnessing this to inform us and provide support for the Palestinians.

  9. Pingback: A Day in the Life of an EA: Checkpoint duty | EAPPI Blog

  10. Peter Biles says:

    And isn’t it the case that Israeli checkpoint duty falls to some of the less favoured in society, eg: Ethiopians.

    • broncurrie says:

      Actually I haven’t observed that to be the case at Qalandiya Peter, though it may well be the case elsewhere. The soldiers on duty at Qalandiya are uniformly YOUNG, but generally European/Russian Israeli in appearance.

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